Women: women are more likely to have alcohol related problems such as liver diseases than men. More likely, they will have problems with even prescribed medicines. For example out of the two thirds prescribed medicines for women, most of them end up getting abused by women. Also, alcohol and other drug abuse for women raise the risk of other health problems like osteoporosis and depression (Nissl 2008, par13). Teenagers and young adults: most students in high schools in the United States normally use drugs.
For example in the US, approximately one and a half population of all high school seniors admits to have used alcohol or an illegal drug. In addition, substance abuse in young adults and teens increases the risk of involvement in crime, sexual behaviors, accidents, and injuries. According to the research done, teens using drugs are more likely to perform poorly in school (Nissl, par. 12) Low income population: The problem of drug abuse in this group happens to many minorities the disabled included. The homeless and the minority population is also included (Nissl, par 14).
Babies: they consume drugs innocently during the pregnancy period and this cause defects and also increases the risk of infant mortality. When this happens, babies are likely to experience learning disabilities and social and behavioral problems. These babies are also at the risk of getting fetal alcohol syndrome (Nissl, par 15) Adults with 65 years and above: drug abuse in this group becomes a problem when there are a high number of prescription medicines in addition to the lack of coordination between the health professionals.
This group also takes alcohol to help relieve sleep problems, depression among other problems. In this case, alcohol abuse is more common with this group than drug abuse and it leads to automobile accidents and other serious injuries (Nissl, par. 16). Children: according to studies done, children exposed to drug abuse in the home suffer from depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress and anger (Nassl, par17). The Effects of Drugs in the United States Research shows that over 100,000 deaths in the United States and Canada are caused by alcohol abuse every year.
Alcohol has numerous effects like high risk sexual behavior, leads to poor performance, causes automobile accidents, can lead to depression among other effects. Alcohol also brings about health problem or even problem on daily living. Long-term and heavy drinking leads to serious effects like damaging the liver, nervous system, heart and brain. It also leads to diseases like high blood pressure, stomach problems, medicine interaction, and cancer among others. Alcohol as well leads to violence, accidents, social isolation, jailor prison terms and difficulties at work and home (Nissl, par 2-4).
In the year 2000, 460,000 deaths were as a result of illicit drug abuse and smoking. In the same year, the leading cause of death was tobacco and it was adding up to 435,000 or 18% of total US deaths. For motor vehicle crashes, the total number of deaths was 43, 000, sexual behaviors was totaling up to 20,000 and other illicit use of drugs 17,000 (Common Sense for Drug Policy, par 1). About 40 million illnesses or injuries among Americans happen as a result of use of tobacco, alcohol or other addictive drugs. For example tobacco contributes 11-30% of cancer deaths.
On the other hand, cocaine, amphetamines and steroids leads to development of cardiovascular diseases and in this case tobacco is responsible for 30% of all heart diseases per year. Approximately, in 2000, 11,635 were suffering from HIV/AIDS and 25,000 in 2001 were suffering from hepatitis in the United States; all these were associated with injected drugs (National Institute on Drug Abuse). In addition, a greater percentage of deaths in the same year were associated with illicit drugs that lead to homicide, motor-vehicle injury, HIV infection, pneumonia, violence, mental illness and hepatitis.
In the U. S, an estimated 3 million individuals have severe problems that are related to drug abuse. In addition, drugged driving is a big problem. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that the approximate percentage of alcohol and drug use by drivers is 10 to 20 percent. For violence, at least half of the people arrested for major crimes in the US are usually under influence of illicit drugs (National Institute on Drug Abuse).